๐Ÿ‘‰ MODELS OF EVALUATION AND THEIR ANALYSISโœ…

Choosing an approach or model for evaluation is an important aspect since for each there are different assumptions about what data to collect, how to collect them and how to make judgments about success or failure. The following major approaches can provide a sufficient choice for most extension evaluation situations.

Expert Evaluation Model

This approach relies on expert judgment. Usually documentation is prepared in advance of expertsโ€™ visits. The expert then interviews, analyses documents and make judgments using their own judgment perspectives or those set as standards by the outside organizations such as the FAO or by stakeholders.

Analysis

โ€ข Documents (reports) prepared by officials responsible for implementation could be biased
โ€ข The expert could be having his/her own biases influenced by performances elsewhere without taking into considerations the realities on ground.
โ€ข Standards set might not necessary work everywhere.

Goal-Free Evaluation Model

This approach assumes that outside evaluators do not know, or need to now what the programme has intended to accomplish, but that is the task of the evaluators to uncover what is actually happening relative to farmersโ€™ interests regardless of stated goals and intentions.
The focus point is to identify environmental and farming conditions and then to compare these needs with what people are actually experiencing as a result of the extension programme. The gap is then viewed as the starting point for making changes in the programme.
This approach relies heavily on open-ended interviewing and observations by persons who do not have a vested interest in the programme.

Analysis

โ€ข Farmerโ€™s interests are indeed central to any programme, but that is not everything. We need also to know how best did the process go, what kind of inputs were used and efficiently they were used. What were the problems during implementation and how they could have been rectified?

Attainment of Objectives Evaluation Model

This approach assumes that the success of a programme can be determined by measuring a programmeโ€™s outcomes against its own goals or objectives. This type of evaluation begins with clarifying measurable objectives and the gathering data that validate the extent to which these objectives have been met.

Analysis

โ€ข If the attainment of objectives evaluation is anticipated, programmes are often tempted to set goals so low that outcomes will be attained easily, thus appearing to be successful while ignoring major challenges.
โ€ข It tends to ignore the extension process, thereby failing to provide explanations for the outcomes.
โ€ข It is possible to use internal experts as long as the objectives are well defined.

Management Decision Evaluation Model

The purpose of this model is to provide relevant information as a management tool to decision makers. It assumes that evaluation should be geared to decisions during programme initiation and operation stages to make results more relevant at each particular stage.
Participation of stakeholders is central to the process because evaluation should serve their decisions. Sometimes cost effectiveness and operations monitoring are included.

Analysis

โ€ข There is a tendency for decisions of the major stakeholders to be viewed as more important than those of various types of farmers especially women, unless special care is taken.

Naturalistic Model

The model assumes that the programme is a natural experiment and that the purpose of evaluation is to understand how the programme is operating in its natural environment.
Data should be collected and analysed from multiple perspectives since the assumption is that programmes are negotiated realities among the significant stakeholders and that the evaluation serves this value laden negotiation.
The outcome of the evaluation is dialogue concerning disagreements about objectives, expectations, problems, procedures, opportunities, policies and suggested changes in methods or activities.

Analysis

โ€ข Many positive collaborative changes can be made through this model if conflict resolution skills are combined with evaluation.

Experiment Evaluation Model

The purpose is to determine whether changes in programme outcomes were due to the contributions of the programme and not just to life experiences or from other influences.
To be able to compare you need at least two groups where one receives educational treatment and another not.

Analysis

โ€ข Because of the nature of human subjects, the ethics of withholding educational services and the difficulty of controlling for external influences it is extremely difficult to operationalise this model.
โ€ข Can be used only when major changes are expected or a major failure is anticipated in pilot efforts where causal claims are central to making major programme investments

Participatory Evaluation Model

The purpose of this model is for extension educators and farmers to initiate a critical reflection process focussed on their own activities.

The model assumes a democratic participatory process along with autonomy on the part of educators and learners.

This is the form of what is usually termed โ€œparticipatory action researchโ€.

Analysis

โ€ข People on the receiving end are ultimately the best judges of impact whether benefits have been produced or not.
โ€ข Being involved will show farmers that they are regarded as responsible and not just passive beneficiaries.
โ€ข It is self-educating process to all participants and encourages development of human capacities especially among farmers.
โ€ข Can speed implementation when participants take greater ownership of the efforts.
โ€ข It is time consuming
โ€ข Farmersโ€™ lack of experience may drag the process.
โ€ข Demands greater coordination skills.

BENEFITS AND LIMITATIONS OF PARTICIPATION IN EVALUATION

Benefits

โ€ข Involving people on the receiving end is likely to assure the most efficient allocation of resources and an early identification o ineffective or wasteful use of resources.
โ€ข The beneficiaries are ultimately the best people to judge the impact, whether benefits have been produced or not.
โ€ข Being included in the planning, implementation and evaluation will show farmers that they are regarded as responsible and capable individuals and not simply beneficiaries.
โ€ข It can encourage development of human capacities among farmers and empowerment.
โ€ข Can increase sustainability in agricultural development.

Limitations

โ€ข Lack of experience on the part of farmers can drag the process. However that shouldnโ€™t be the reason to abandon participation.
โ€ข Lack of resources and organisational skills to implement a participatory process.
โ€ข Organizations tend to feel threatened by peopleโ€™s participation.

Levels of Participation

Level 1:

Farmers provide data and evidence of their achievements along with their reactions to extension without being involved in planning evaluation efforts.

Level 2:

Farmers receive information, evaluation summaries, feedback on extension performance from extension staff but they are not asked to react.

Level 3:

Farmers receive evaluation results and other information from extension staff and are asked to give reactions and recommendations for improving extension processes and resources.

Level 4:

Farmers carry out evaluation of extension in cooperation with extension managers and make decisions regarding changes in providing extension services.

Level 5:

Farmers conduct their own evaluation of extension independently of extension and report their findings to policy makers.

How much participation should farmers have?

Experience has shown that farmers in many extension programmes have participated in the evaluation of extension through farmer associations and committees. However, the most important thing is that farmers have to be involved as much as possible.

For example, Levels 1 and 2 above can be characterised as pseudo participation because they represent paternalism on the part of extension.

Levels 3 and above can be characterised as genuine participation because they represent collaborative or empowering relationships.

๐Ÿผ Other interesting posts;-๐Ÿ™‰

.

๐Ÿ“ฐ Recommended Posts๐Ÿ‘‡

๐Ÿ“Œ STORY: King and young boys

An aging King realized that if he died he has no one to take over the throne. He decided to adopt a son…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰STORY: King and young boysโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Something to read before breakfast

**No matter how many times the teeth bite the tongue, they still stay together in one mouth. That's the spirit of FORGIVENESS…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Something to read before breakfastโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Tips to keep yourself healthier

Drinking hot lemon water can prevent cancer. Don't add sugar. Hot lemon water is more beneficial than cold lemon water…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Tips to keep yourself healthierโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Best proposal ever

Boy: do you have a fiancee?
Girl: No. I have none…
Boy: Genesis 2:18 โ€œThe Lord God said, โ€˜It is not
good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper
suitable for himโ€™.โ€
Girl: But I donโ€™t love you.
Boy: 1 John 4:8 "Whoever does not love, does not
know God, because God is love.โ€
Girl: So how do I discern that your words are true?
Boy: Matthew 12:34b โ€œFor the mouth speaks what
the heart is full of."
Girl: But how can I be sure that you are faithful
and honest?….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Best proposal everโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Plane crush

PLANE CRUSH:….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Plane crushโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Feel this joke

Two boys stole a big bag of oranges from a neighbor & decided to go to a quiet place to share the lot equally…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Feel this jokeโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Where do entrepreneurs come from and how do they develop?

If you choose an entrepreneurial career much will depend on your ability to learn quickly from experience, cope with uncertainty, respond to changing circumstances, and deal with unexpected critical incidents. You will find these things less difficult if you develop your general enterprising tendencies…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Where do entrepreneurs come from and how do they develop?โœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Business Plan Layout

State the businessโ€™s legal name….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Business Plan Layoutโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ To learn how to love yourself

Accept Your Personality Your life has not ended yet. You still have plenty of years to live. Hence, it's never too late to improve or develop yourself throughout your life. However, it is best if you accept yourself for whom you are. Be happy and celebrate your unique qualities and characteristics. After all, you are a unique individual created from God's own hands. Be Happy With Your Body Size Both men and women are often too conscious about their physical appearance, especially when they see a well-toned and figured person crossing their way. In case of women, some feel that their breasts are just too small, while there are others who feel they have heavy butt. Men, on the other hand, feel inferior to those who are well built or have a great muscular body. For all such gentlemen and ladies, remember that we are not produced from a single factory. Each one of us is different; hence, it is better if you accept, or rather love, your physical appearance. Built Confidence No person is born with natural confidence. It is the upbringing and your surroundings that help you develop poise and self-confidence. Children who are taught to become self independent from an early age have greater level of confidence than those who look up to their parents for every knick and knack. Start revealing a positive attitude and a feeling of self assurance and see how confidence comes natural to you in no time. Find Out Your Good Qualities And Achievements Looking out for some good qualities in yourself? Were you not able to find any? Does that make you hate yourself further? Why? Aren't you a homosapien? Just like every person has some negative attributes, so does he have positive characteristics as well. It is good to criticize your self but then do not be over critical. Accept your flaws and try to come over them. As for your positives, just keep on bettering them and who knows you might be able to love yourself all the more. Stop Regretting On Your Mistakes So, you have committed a mistake? So what? It's just a mistake. No one is going to beat or punish you to death. Making mistakes is natural to any human being. So stop beating or cursing yourself over and over again. Instead, sit down and analyze your mistakes. Take positive lessons from them and find out what different you can do next time to avoid these stupid and silly errors. Forget the past and plan the future. Don't Let Others Dominate You Sad but true, often people treat you like a doormat simply because you allow them to do so. It's your life and no one has the right to control or rule it, except you. So stop being too kind and generous when a friend constantly borrows money from you with no promises of repaying it back. Stand up and dump that guy who calls and looks up to you only for sex and nothing else. Remember, do not let anyone treat you badly because you deserve better than being only used or criticized…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰To learn how to love yourselfโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ An infant rejoice in the presence of the Lord

โ€œMost blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. And how does this happen to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? For at the moment the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the infant in my womb leaped for joy. Blessed are you who believed that what was spoken to you by the Lord would be fulfilled.โ€ Luke 1:42b-45….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰An infant rejoice in the presence of the Lordโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ How to become smarter

Exercise Your Brain Just like you workout to build and strengthen your muscles, your brain, too, requires proper exercises to sharpen itself. Often, it is assumed to be a useless body part, but this is not true. As such, whenever you are engaging yourself in some activities, you are exercising your brain. Consider practicing activities, such as puzzles, crafts, reading, painting, gardening, and other recreational activities that will refresh and rejuvenate you and your mind, in particular. Read Quality Books Most of us love reading. But we often end up reading fiction, suspense, or romantic books. However, these books do not mentally stimulate us. So, if you really want to improve your thinking and writing skills, pick up books that force you to really focus. Read a classic novel that changes your perspective towards this world and exposes you to precise, elegant English. Do not feel shy to pick up new words and find their meanings. This, in turn, will make you smarter with a more comprehensive vocabulary. Make reading fun as well as useful. Avoid The Idiot Box What do we do after a long tiring working day? Pick up a bag of chips and a can of cola only to land up in front of the television. Though there is no problem with refreshing yourself while watching a reality or a talk show, it doesn't really put your mental capacity into use. Further, watching television continuously does not relax you, instead, it exhausts you. Hence, pick up a book or magazine when you want to relax. Or, switch off the idiot box when you have friends or acquaintances around and indulge in a conversation instead. Learn A Foreign Language Researches indicate that learning an unknown foreign language boosts brain power. Quite smart, indeed, right! Learning and understanding the foreign culture through the language induces your brain to implement its muscles. Identify Your Qualities All of us have had our share of several idols and dream jobs during childhood. A scientist, a social worker, an airhostess, a 40-wheel lorry driver, an astronaut, or even a rock star! But, in reality, how many of us are really able to convert our childhood dreams into a reality? Probably, just one out of hundred. That's because to move onto their paths, we need to understand the values, commitment, and endless efforts to meet the requirements and achieve our goals. However, this should not be mixed with our idols. For if we try to imitate our idols, we will only land up making a fool out of ourselves and not creating a niche amongst the rest. Hence, it is important to identify your qualities and be yourself rather than being others…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰How to become smarterโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Children speak their mind!!!

Teacher: How old is your father?
Kid: He is 6 years.
Teacher: What? How is this possible?
Kid: He became father only when I was born.
Logic!!๐Ÿ‘Œ๐Ÿ˜ณ….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Children speak their mind!!!โœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Ways to overcome public anxiety

Erase The Preconceived Notions People typically associate the task of public speaking with stress! This is absolutely untrue! Public speaking is only stressful if you allow it to be! Ironically, if you shake off this incorrect belief, public speaking can be a very enjoyable and invigorating experience for you. Try to dig out the hidden cause for your fear, diagnose it and say hello to a new fun hobby! Knock off the fear of public humiliation! You're overreacting! It's purely psychological. Stage fright can be curbed with a smooth build up of self-confidence. The best way to start that process is by facing reality and accepting that public speaking is not as difficult as you once thought! Capitalize On Three Good Points Stumble upon three relevant points and you're ready to nail it. In other words, you have good potential to set the stage on fire! Maintain a calm and composed demeanor! You don't have to be the funniest or smartest orator on the planet to receive a round of applause. Even if you make a couple of mistakes, skip a few important portions of your speech and pause for a minute, you haven't necessarily failed! Stop focusing so much on your performance, it's the value of the content effused that matters most. As long as audiences have something valuable to take back home (or with a smile on their faces), you will be remembered positively. Bear in mind that heaps of inconsequential facts does not augment your orator status. Stick to two or three clever points and render your speech interesting and genuine. Stress on one key point if you strongly believe in it. Diminish the number of quick notes and let words flow straight from the heart to the tip of your tongue! Avoid silly complexities for you will end up boring the crowd. Prepare But Don't Over-Prepare Preparation is essential. More importantly, prepare well in advance and not overnight for anxiety will double and the outcome will be messy. Practice does indeed make a man perfect but never overdo it. A speech turns superficial when planned too far ahead. It should be natural! In fact, the more effort you put into it, the worse might be your performance. So, don't over-prepare! Relax and take a deep breath! Just rehearse once and revise the key points along with a few good examples. Memorizing a speech verbatim only ruins the authenticity of a speech and implies that you don't have a firm grasp over the subject. Try not to script the speech! Gain self confidence and you will soon begin to respect the natural public speaker hidden deep down inside of you. Select A Topic That Interests You It will make all the difference if you chose a topic that you feel strongly passionate about! You will feel excited to research the topic and make the overall speech as interesting as possible. As you immerse your heart into it, you will notice your phobia slip away. Even when you have no choice but to resort to a lackluster topic, you could make alterations to the technique or approach of speech making. For example, make a colorful PowerPoint presentation or screen a funny video! The surging enthusiasm will tranquilize the goosebumps. Be Humble, If Not Humorous While adding a glint of humor to your speech would earn you brownie points, it's not mandatory. It is important to discover your style of speaking and work on improving that. However, it is important to maintain a fine sense of humility throughout your speech. When you stand up in front of the masses, share some of your weaknesses and frailties. This highlights your image as a credible, respectable and lovable speaker. Audiences will be able to connect with you and respect your honesty. If at all, humility isn't your style, don't feign it! The pretense of acting humble is easily detectable and this will trample your image in no time! You could hence make up for it by capitalizing on your good sense of humor! After all, who doesn't enjoy a good hearty laugh! Start with a joke or narrate a bunch of anecdotes, just don't digress from the actual topic. Don't Let Hecklers Get To You! Hecklers are all over the place and most of the time, they do a pretty good job at tormenting speech makers! However, it is in your best interest that you master the art of turning a deaf ear to such obstacles or counter-attack their witty statements with a wittier one. This most definitely helps you overcome all fears. But if you are still battling with glossophobia, then you should try your best and ignore those silly sadists or respond with an "I really appreciate your comment". Visualize Success Elite athletes rely on the technique of visualization to enhance their athletic performance. Every time you rehearse your speech, visualize your audience being amazed by your oratory skills! It is best to believe in yourself and that you are conveying solution for a very strong ground-breaking problem. Hence, your audiences ought to be impressed. Hear the cacophony of thousand claps and "wows" every time you emphasize on the last sentence of your speech! Boost your confidence!….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Ways to overcome public anxietyโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Understanding Agribusiness and Entrepreneurship study question

Many people confuse on the difference between agriculture and agribusiness. What is your opinion on that? What are the main factors that brought development in agribusiness in your coutry? (25 marks)….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Understanding Agribusiness and Entrepreneurship study questionโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ How to be charismatic

Relax Your Way To The Top If you are looking to be charismatic, then the first and foremost thing that you have to do is to actually learn to relax. Some people try too hard to be charismatic, but only end up making a fool of themselves. This is not something that you would want to do. So, in order to work on your charisma, learn from the mistakes of others and relax. When you master the art of relaxing in a social setting, you automatically exude charisma. It's a known fact that people love to be around people who are calm and composed. Learn to channelize peace and tranquility to everyone you know and meet. This will help you seem extremely calm and a lot more attractive. With a personality of this sort, apart from wanting to be with you, people may even aspire to be like you. Confidence Concerns While being confident can be easily mistaken for being charismatic, there is a very distinct difference between being confident and being charismatic. Charisma is that quality that makes you seem like you have an extremely attractive personality, and confidence is that quality that adds to your charisma. Appearing confident can make you seem extremely charismatic, because your confidence apart from acting like a magnet will also help put the others around you at ease and create in them a desire to be around you. Here, however, you will have to take a lot of care to stay away from going overboard, because while confidence is one thing, overconfidence is a different thing altogether and it's that one quality that no one can really be fond of. Dish Out Attention In order to seem charismatic, it is important to listen and pay attention. When you manage to do this your charisma quotient automatically reaches new heights. You can pull off attention tactics by simply listening to what people have to tell you and talk as less as possible. However, when you actually do talk, make sure you talk sense and make sure the words that are coming out of your mouth are the kind of words that the other person would want to listen to. Make it a point to smile while you are talking. This will help add quite a lot of appeal to your personality. Be Considerate You are truly a considerate person when you treat others around you just the way you would want to be treated. You wouldn't want to be discriminated against under any grounds, so then there is no reason why you should treat one person differently from the other. Exercise this behavior pattern in your day-to-day life and watch how people are attracted to you like bees are to honey…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰How to be charismaticโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Understanding Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship

There is no clear consensus among entrepreneurship specialists on the definition of the word โ€˜entrepreneurโ€™ or that of its derivative, 'entrepreneurship'. While some people would treat small business owner managers and entrepreneurs as synonymous, the bulk of the entrepreneurship specialists attempt to draw a distinction between them. This distinction is central to an understanding of the meaning of 'entrepreneur'. We proceed to look at the definitions of these terms with a view to delineating the differences among them…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Understanding Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurshipโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ Remember this things in your life

3 things in life that never come back when gone:
-โŒšTime
-๐Ÿ‘…Words
-๐Ÿ’ŽOpportunity….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Remember this things in your lifeโœ”

๐Ÿ“Œ See how this man reacts!

A man went for HIV test on Saturday and they told him tocome back on Monday to pic his results.On sunday he went to church and the pastor was praying and said "… may the things that you'll receive as from tomorrow be positive …"The man quickly opened his eyes and shouted "Acha ujinga weweeee!!"….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰See how this man reacts!โœ”

.

๐Ÿ“ฐ Recent Posts๐Ÿ‘‡

A Stages in the development of a business career

Scanning for opportunities, idea generation, and innovation/creativity…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Stages in the development of a business careerโœ”

A Be careful

You have been single throughout the year, and two weeks to Christmas you fall in love….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Be carefulโœ”

A What our children and today's generation needs to know

When the ancient Chinese decided to live in peace, they made the great wall of China, They thought no one can climb it due to its height. During the first 100 year of its existence, the Chinese were invaded thrice … and every time, the enemy had no need of penetrating or climbing over the wall… because each time they bribed the guards and came through the doors…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰What our children and today's generation needs to knowโœ”

A Something to read before breakfast

**No matter how many times the teeth bite the tongue, they still stay together in one mouth. That's the spirit of FORGIVENESS…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Something to read before breakfastโœ”

A When to be silent

I Found this one somewhere and it made me think
I'm still learning…….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰When to be silentโœ”

A How to overcome fear

Understand Your Fear Try to understand why you fear or what causes you to fear. Only when you have identified the source of your fear can you start on the process of overcoming it. You can start by listing all your fears on your notepad and then striking them off once you have overcome them. Breathe Deep Taking deep breaths when you are scared or worried helps you relax to a great extent. Make sure that you exhale longer than you inhale. Fear will automatically reduce since you will also calm down. This can also help you to think things out effectively. Breathing exercises can be practiced during meditation. Chalk Out A Plan & Be Positive Always have a plan for situations which may not bring you certain results. For instance, you may be afraid to attend an interview in fear of being rejected. You may also fear a date for similar reasons or may feel scared about losing your job as you do not know how life will be after that. But in all these situations, you can chalk out a plan beforehand, a plan which will bring you favorable results and thus kill all fears. Though plans do not work always, a positive attitude always does, therefore think positive in every walk of life. Confront Your Fears Many people are scared of something specific, like being in the dark or driving or swimming. If you too fall in the same category, make it a point to learn the thing that you fear doing. Even if you fail once or twice, don't give up on your hope and practice hard to overcome your fear. Switch off the lights when you are alone in a room and see what happens. You can be assured that nothing is going to attack you! Once when you have confronted your fear by actually performing the same thing that you fear, you will successfully kill your fear. Boost Up Confidence Sometimes, fear is the result of extreme low belief in oneself and low confidence. Practice exercises which help to boost self confidence. For example, you can stand in front of the mirror and pretend to speak to a stranger, so that you do not have to fear mingling with a new group of people the next time you come across one. This exercise can also help you overcome stage fright. Seek Medical Help If nothing seems to be working for you and you still feel intermittently scared, there is no harm in seeking medical help, for who knows, after a couple of sessions, you might actually be able to ward off your fear. Nowadays, there are psychiatrists who help people to overcome their fear and shortcomings. However, resort to this, only when all the above have failed…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰How to overcome fearโœ”

A Be aware of this trick

A lady's handbag contained her cell phone, ATM card etc was stolen.
_Thirty minutes later she managed to call her husband from her friend's telephone, telling him what happened._….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Be aware of this trickโœ”

A The story of crime girl ๐Ÿ‘ง

A lady committed a crime and she was sent to court. The punishment for the crime was life imprisonment. She shed tears for help but to no avail…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰The story of crime girl ๐Ÿ‘งโœ”

A How to be charismatic

Relax Your Way To The Top If you are looking to be charismatic, then the first and foremost thing that you have to do is to actually learn to relax. Some people try too hard to be charismatic, but only end up making a fool of themselves. This is not something that you would want to do. So, in order to work on your charisma, learn from the mistakes of others and relax. When you master the art of relaxing in a social setting, you automatically exude charisma. It's a known fact that people love to be around people who are calm and composed. Learn to channelize peace and tranquility to everyone you know and meet. This will help you seem extremely calm and a lot more attractive. With a personality of this sort, apart from wanting to be with you, people may even aspire to be like you. Confidence Concerns While being confident can be easily mistaken for being charismatic, there is a very distinct difference between being confident and being charismatic. Charisma is that quality that makes you seem like you have an extremely attractive personality, and confidence is that quality that adds to your charisma. Appearing confident can make you seem extremely charismatic, because your confidence apart from acting like a magnet will also help put the others around you at ease and create in them a desire to be around you. Here, however, you will have to take a lot of care to stay away from going overboard, because while confidence is one thing, overconfidence is a different thing altogether and it's that one quality that no one can really be fond of. Dish Out Attention In order to seem charismatic, it is important to listen and pay attention. When you manage to do this your charisma quotient automatically reaches new heights. You can pull off attention tactics by simply listening to what people have to tell you and talk as less as possible. However, when you actually do talk, make sure you talk sense and make sure the words that are coming out of your mouth are the kind of words that the other person would want to listen to. Make it a point to smile while you are talking. This will help add quite a lot of appeal to your personality. Be Considerate You are truly a considerate person when you treat others around you just the way you would want to be treated. You wouldn't want to be discriminated against under any grounds, so then there is no reason why you should treat one person differently from the other. Exercise this behavior pattern in your day-to-day life and watch how people are attracted to you like bees are to honey…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰How to be charismaticโœ”

A Best proposal ever

Boy: do you have a fiancee?
Girl: No. I have none…
Boy: Genesis 2:18 โ€œThe Lord God said, โ€˜It is not
good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper
suitable for himโ€™.โ€
Girl: But I donโ€™t love you.
Boy: 1 John 4:8 "Whoever does not love, does not
know God, because God is love.โ€
Girl: So how do I discern that your words are true?
Boy: Matthew 12:34b โ€œFor the mouth speaks what
the heart is full of."
Girl: But how can I be sure that you are faithful
and honest?….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Best proposal everโœ”

A Take me back to the old path

Take me back to the old Paths, when Moms were at home.
Dads were at work.
Brothers went into the army.
And sisters got married BEFORE having children!
Crime did not pay; Hard work did;
And people knew the difference.

Moms could cook; Dads would work;
Children would behave…
Husbands were loving; Wives were supportive; and children were polite.

Women wore the dresses; and Men wore the trousers.
Women looked like ladies;Men looked like gentlemen; and children looked decent.

People loved the truth, and hated a lie;
They came to church to get IN, Not to get OUT!

Hymns sounded Godly; Sermons sounded helpful;
Rejoicing sounded normal; and crying sounded sincere.
Cursing was wicked; Drinking was evil; and divorce was unthinkable.

We read the Bible in public; Prayed in school;
And preached from house to house.
To be called a Christian was worth living for;
To be called a traitor was a shame!

Sex was a personal word. Homosexual was an unheard of word, And abortion was an illegal word.

Preachers preached because they had a message; and
Christians rejoiced because they had the VICTORY!….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Take me back to the old pathโœ”

A How to become smarter

Exercise Your Brain Just like you workout to build and strengthen your muscles, your brain, too, requires proper exercises to sharpen itself. Often, it is assumed to be a useless body part, but this is not true. As such, whenever you are engaging yourself in some activities, you are exercising your brain. Consider practicing activities, such as puzzles, crafts, reading, painting, gardening, and other recreational activities that will refresh and rejuvenate you and your mind, in particular. Read Quality Books Most of us love reading. But we often end up reading fiction, suspense, or romantic books. However, these books do not mentally stimulate us. So, if you really want to improve your thinking and writing skills, pick up books that force you to really focus. Read a classic novel that changes your perspective towards this world and exposes you to precise, elegant English. Do not feel shy to pick up new words and find their meanings. This, in turn, will make you smarter with a more comprehensive vocabulary. Make reading fun as well as useful. Avoid The Idiot Box What do we do after a long tiring working day? Pick up a bag of chips and a can of cola only to land up in front of the television. Though there is no problem with refreshing yourself while watching a reality or a talk show, it doesn't really put your mental capacity into use. Further, watching television continuously does not relax you, instead, it exhausts you. Hence, pick up a book or magazine when you want to relax. Or, switch off the idiot box when you have friends or acquaintances around and indulge in a conversation instead. Learn A Foreign Language Researches indicate that learning an unknown foreign language boosts brain power. Quite smart, indeed, right! Learning and understanding the foreign culture through the language induces your brain to implement its muscles. Identify Your Qualities All of us have had our share of several idols and dream jobs during childhood. A scientist, a social worker, an airhostess, a 40-wheel lorry driver, an astronaut, or even a rock star! But, in reality, how many of us are really able to convert our childhood dreams into a reality? Probably, just one out of hundred. That's because to move onto their paths, we need to understand the values, commitment, and endless efforts to meet the requirements and achieve our goals. However, this should not be mixed with our idols. For if we try to imitate our idols, we will only land up making a fool out of ourselves and not creating a niche amongst the rest. Hence, it is important to identify your qualities and be yourself rather than being others…..continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰How to become smarterโœ”

A Story of Peter and his Girlfriend Mercy

*Peter and his girlfriend Mercy were walking during the night..*….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰Story of Peter and his Girlfriend Mercyโœ”

A The scientific death of Jesus Christ

THE (SCIENTIFIC) DEATH OF JESUS
For the next 60 seconds, set aside whatever
You're doing and take this opportunity! To share this….continuing....

๐Ÿ‘continue to read about ๐Ÿ‘‰The scientific death of Jesus Christโœ”

.